China Population clock

28-07-2016 13:25:34
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Births this year
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Births today
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Deaths this year
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Deaths today
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Net migration this year
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Net migration today
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Population growth this year
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Population growth today

Source : National Bureau of Statistics of China external link .


See also:

China Economy

World population clock

India Population


Population of China 2015

As of 1 January 2016, the population of China was estimated to be 1 375 137 837 people. This is an increase of 0.53 % (7 317 837 people) compared to population of 1 367 820 000 the year before. In 2015 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 7 276 802. Due to external migration, the population increased by 41 035. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.051 (1 051 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2015. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for China population in 2015:

China population 2016

During 2016 China population is projected to increased by 7 356 987 people and reach 1 382 494 824 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 7 315 733. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 41 254 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into China (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population dynamics in 2016

According to our estimations, daily change rates of China population in 2016 will be the following:

The population of China will be increased by 20 156 persons daily in 2016.

China population density

China population density is 143.3 people per square kilometer as of July 2016. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of China divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of China. The total area of China is 9 598 089 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

With almost 9.6 millions km2 of total surface area, China is the 4th largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and The United States of America. The population density of China is 4 times higher than The United States has with almost the same area. Despite the fact that China is the most populated country in the world, the density of its population is comparable with population densities of many Western Europe countries. For example, the United Kingdom population density is even twice higher compared to China.

Map of China administrative units by population density

Urbanization in China

China urbanization chart

The graph shows change of "Urbanization Ratio" - Urban population vs Rural population over last 55 years.

China age structure

As of the beginning of 2016 according to our estimates China had the following population age distribution:

17.6 73.6 8.9

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the China population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "China age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in China is 35.9 %.

The value of 35.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in China must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in China is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in China is 23.9 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in China is 12 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "China age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for China is 74.7 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 72.7 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1 092 062 836 persons or 96.36% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in China are able to read and write. Accordingly about 41 229 509 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 98.17% (567 719 501 persons). 10 594 716 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 94.48% (524 343 335 persons). 30 634 793 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.74% and 99.71% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.73%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "China population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

China historical population (1950 - 2016)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1951 - 2016

China population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1950541 670 000N/A %
1951551 960 0001.90 %
1952563 000 0002.00 %
1953575 490 0002.22 %
1954588 258 0002.22 %
1955601 308 0002.22 %
1956614 650 0002.22 %
1957623 854 0001.50 %
1958633 195 0001.50 %
1959642 676 0001.50 %
1960652 300 0001.50 %
1961662 070 0001.50 %
1962674 267 0001.84 %
1963686 693 0001.84 %
1964699 353 0001.84 %
1965712 249 0001.84 %
1966725 380 0001.84 %
1967745 176 0002.73 %
1968765 513 0002.73 %
1969786 406 0002.73 %
1970807 869 0002.73 %
1971829 920 0002.73 %
1972852 290 0002.70 %
1973871 770 0002.29 %
1974892 110 0002.33 %
1975908 590 0001.85 %
1976924 200 0001.72 %
1977937 170 0001.40 %
1978949 740 0001.34 %
1979962 590 0001.35 %
1980975 420 0001.33 %
1981987 050 0001.19 %
19821 000 720 0001.38 %
19831 016 540 0001.58 %
19841 030 080 0001.33 %
19851 043 570 0001.31 %
19861 058 510 0001.43 %
19871 075 070 0001.56 %
19881 093 000 0001.67 %
19891 110 260 0001.58 %
19901 127 040 0001.51 %
19911 143 330 0001.45 %
19921 158 230 0001.30 %
19931 171 710 0001.16 %
19941 185 170 0001.15 %
19951 198 500 0001.12 %
19961 211 210 0001.06 %
19971 223 890 0001.05 %
19981 236 260 0001.01 %
19991 247 610 0000.92 %
20001 257 860 0000.82 %
20011 267 430 0000.76 %
20021 276 270 0000.70 %
20031 284 530 0000.65 %
20041 292 270 0000.60 %
20051 299 880 0000.59 %
20061 307 560 0000.59 %
20071 314 480 0000.53 %
20081 321 290 0000.52 %
20091 328 020 0000.51 %
20101 334 500 0000.49 %
20111 340 910 0000.48 %
20121 347 350 0000.48 %
20131 354 040 0000.50 %
20141 360 720 0000.49 %
20151 367 820 0000.52 %
20161 375 137 8370.53 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.