|Current male population (51.6%)|
|Current female population (48.4%)|
|Births this year|
|Deaths this year|
|Net migration this year|
|Net migration today|
|Population growth this year|
|Population growth today|
|Current population (as of Monday, December 10 2018)|
|3,287,260 km2 (1,269,218 mi2)|
|416.5 per km2 (1,078.6 people/mi2)|
|1.07 (706,875,898 men to 662,172,625 women)|
|66.8 years (65.8 - men, 68.0 - women)|
(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
During 2018 India population is projected to increased by 17,034,447 people and reach 1,370,048,541 in the beginning of 2019. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 17,589,183. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 554,736 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave India to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).
According to our estimations, daily change rates of India population in 2018 will be the following:
As of 1 January 2018, the population of India was estimated to be 1,353,014,094 people. This is an increase of 1.26 % (16,822,650 people) compared to population of 1,336,191,444 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 17,370,489. Due to external migration, the population declined by 547,838. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.070 (1,070 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.
Below are the key figures for India population in 2017:
India population density is 411.6 people per square kilometer (1,066.0/mi2) as of December 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of India divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of India. The total area of India is 3,287,260 km2 (1,269,218 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .
According to 2011 Census Data almost 80% (more than 1 billion people) of the population in India adheres to Hinduism. This is about 94% of all Hindus living in the World. Another 14.2% are Muslims, 2.3% are Christians, 1.7% adheres to Sikhism and less than 1% are Buddhists.
|Religion||Number of followers||Percentage of total population|
As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates India had the following population age distribution:
|- percentage of population under 15|
|- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old|
|- percentage of population 65+|
In absolute figures (estimate):
We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.
Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.
As we can see the India population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.
Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.
This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.
The total dependency ratio of population in India is 54.1 %.
What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in India must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in India is relatively high.
Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.
Child dependency ratio in India is 45.7 %.
Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.
Aged dependency ratio in India is 8.4 %.
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for India is 66.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).
Male life expectancy at birth is 65.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 68 years.
According to our estimates 686,446,576 persons or 72.14% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in India are able to read and write. Accordingly about 265,087,645 adults are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult male population is 80.95% (395,644,897 persons). 93,131,444 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 62.84% (290,801,679 persons). 171,956,201 are illiterate.
Youth literacy rates are 91.83% and 87.24% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 89.65%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).